5 Capsicum Varieties and Their Shelf Life

The family of Capsicum Annuum is comprised of a variety of peppers. Below are five capsicum varieties and their shelf-life.

A fun fact about peppers

Hot peppers have a connection to their heat to a substance called capsaicin. The chemical ingredient is credited with boosting metabolism, aiding digestion, increasing satiety, and relieving discomfort.

Bell peppers

Bell peppers have their name due because of their shape, which look like bells. They belong to the family of nightshade. They are available in shades of red, green, and yellow. They are also available in orange.

The chili and capsicum peppers are native to South as well as Central America. The green peppers are harvested as they are still ripe. While they mature, they transform into red and then yellow. Green peppers can have a slightly bitter taste, while red peppers are sweet.

Did you be aware that fresh, raw capsicums are mostly made up of water? The remaining ingredients are proteins, carbs, fats, and fiber.

Nutritionally bell peppers are packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. Beta-carotene is an antioxidant that’s present in ripe bell peppers. This is why they have their orange, yellow and red hues.

In this way, capsicum assists in improving eye health as well as facilitating blood circulation. As a good source of iron-containing minerals and calcium, they can help reduce the effects of anemia or low blood counts. Because they are rich in vitamin C, they aid in the absorption of iron.

The shelf-life of bell peppers

Fresh bell peppers deteriorate quickly. To keep them fresher for longer, you can store them as a whole inside the crisper for vegetables inside your refrigerator. They should last for two weeks.

The green ones will last longer, approximately 3 weeks. Peppers cut into slices will begin to wilt towards the end. Wrap them in plastic wrap, and use them within a week.

Refrigerate any leftovers that you have cooked and eat in 3 days.


Habanero peppers are packed with plenty of heat. In fact, they’re one of the hottest peppers.

Similar to bell peppers, habaneros that are not ripe are green. Their color change to red-orange once they’re fully ripe. Certain varieties are turning darker brown or pink.

They flourish in Mexico, particularly within their native region, specifically the Yucatan Peninsula. However, their cultivation has expanded across other hot climate zones within Costa Rica, some parts of the U.S.A, and Panama.

They are very popular in Mexican dishes because they add heat and an apricot-like, citrusy taste to foods. Most fiery sauces contain habanero peppers. They are great in salsas, barbeque sauces, and glaze sauces.

Be cautious when handling hot peppers. They can cause skin irritation or burns. Wear gloves and be careful not to touch your eyes or your face.

Habanero Peppers’ shelf-life

Keep fresh habaneros whole in the fridge. They can be stored in a vegetable crisper. Habaneros that are refrigerated properly will last for one week.

Freeze to use for a long time. Place them in sturdy freezer bags. They will last in good condition for up to one year.


Another Mexican native, the jalapeno, is moderately spicy. They are medium-sized, with glossy, smooth exterior skin.

Jalapeno cultivation has spread across the globe. Many cuisines incorporate jalapenos. They are inexpensively found at grocery stores.

Did you know that the seed and the ribs from peppers hold most of the spice? So, take them out before you use the remaining pepper.

Include jalapeno peppers into vinaigrettes, salads, cooked vegetables, and dips for added spice. They are commonly used in hot sauces that are packaged.

Regarding nutrition, jalapenos are rich in the following: Vitamins C A B6, and K folate, and minerals like copper, iron, potassium, and copper.

The shelf-life of jalapenos

Keep jalapenos in the crisper. Consume fresh ones within one week. In contrast, freeze chopped or whole jalapenos.

Make small batches of the freezer that can be used for a single meal. Freeze in freezer bags that are heavy-duty. This helps prevent the loss of important nutrients.


Most of us have encountered cayenne powdered. Fresh Cayenne is accessible, but they are not a common commodity.

Cayenne peppers are attractive with a bright red hue. It is also a native of French Guinea, in a city with its name. It is thriving in a subtropical climate. But, temperate climates can be a problem.

Cayenne is among the most popular peppers. It is employed for food flavorings and also in Cajun dishes. It works well with all foods and hot beverages.

Include Cayenne in eggs, hot chocolate as a marinade for fish, meat as well as spicy sauces, Asian curry recipes, Mexican dishes, and ginger ale.

In terms of nutrition, cayenne peppers are rich in vitamins K, A, B6 C, and minerals such as calcium, potassium, magnesium, and carbohydrates, as well as fat.

Shelf time of Cayenne

Of the five varieties of capsicums and their shelf lives, Cayenne has the longest shelf life. When stored properly, powdered Cayenne will last up to 4 years.

Place the pantry items in it in a dry, cool place, free of humidity. Close the pantry tightly in all instances.

Insert the containers that have been opened into sealed Ziploc bags that are sealable. Alternatively, you can utilize airtight containers to preserve shelf life.

Ground spices like Cayenne have another purpose after they lose their effectiveness. Make use of them to keep pests from your home.

Banana peppers

They have been named so because of their resemblance to bananas. The peppers have a bright yellow color, with some sweetness and tang. They also have smooth, waxy skin and are often referred to as yellow wax.

If left to mature when they are ripe, banana peppers transform into red-orange. They are, however, utilized when they are they’re yellow.

Banana peppers don’t emit much energy. They originated in South America, like most other peppers.

Use them as pizza toppings, sandwiches, and sauces. Make banana peppers stuffed with a mixture of pickled banana peppers, or roast them and serve as an accompaniment to barbecued meat.

They are nutritionally rich and contain vitamins C A, and B6 as well as dietary fiber. They also contain minerals such as zinc, iron, magnesium, copper, potassium, and sodium.

Life of bananas

You can store them like other capsicums in the vegetable crisper, packed inside plastic baggies. At 40 degrees Fahrenheit, the ideal temperature, The banana peppers will last for three weeks or more.

How can you tell if your capsicums are spoilt capsicums

Peppers are extremely perishable, particularly fresh ones. It’s easy to detect the signs of spoilage in capsicum:

Here are four simple indicators.

  • A mushy, sunken-looking flesh can indicate the beginning of spoilage. Utilize these peppers to make compost instead of cooking.
  • The smell of pungent is a sure sign of rotting. It is also associated with sunken flesh. Find such peppers and get rid of their peppers.
  • Growth of mold on skin or flesh. Remove any moldy or rotten peppers to avoid the possibility of food poisoning and allergic reaction.
  • Cayenne is a powdered pepper Look for stringy and clumping clutches within storage containers. This is a sign of a loss in power.

Other than the name and temperatures, the majority of peppers have similar features in terms of nutrition information along with shelf life, storage, and tips. I hope that the five capsicum varieties, as well as their shelf lives, give you an idea of the peppers.

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